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Flooring Types

Gain a better understanding of the different types of timber floors. Choosing the correct type can have significant advantages.

We try to provide as much information as possible, so be sure to check out the other pages like Janka ratings, grading and more.

Solid Timber Flooring

Solid Timber is as it sounds,solid from top to bottom, end to end, as made by nature

Solid timber is designed to be laid directly onto joists, battens, particleboard or plywood on concrete.
Precision milled at 19mm to 21mm in thickness, with board widths from 80mm to 180mm.

Solid timber floors are the perfect option for sports floors, residential homes and commercial properties.

Tongue and groove joints on both sides and ends of the floorboards ensure a continuous and stable surface.

End matching, which is a tongue and groove on the ends of the floorboards, eliminates the need for floorboards to fall directly over joists or battens.

This results in less cutting and less waste.

Overlay Solid Timber Floorboards

Solid Timber in a thiner profile that traditional strip floorboards

Precision-milled to thicknesses of 13mm or 14mm, overlay, is thinner than the traditional tongue and groove timber strip floors.

Overlay flooring is installed directly over a structural surface, such as particleboard or plywood over concrete.

The overlay boards are well supported, so it is not necessary to have the additional thickness.

Overlay boards still offers the same depth of wear (the depth of the board that can be sanded and refinished), despite the overall plank being thinner.

Overlay solid timber is designed to be trowel glued and secret nailed, than sanded and polished. 

Timber is one of the world’s few truly renewable natural resources.

The native hardwood that you buy from Connollys is sourced from a forest that is sustainably managed through a rigorous framework of both Commonwealth and State laws and regulations.

Engineered Timber Floors

A combination of veneer and ply to produce factory finished floor

Engineered timber has been designed to take the hassle out of transforming your home with the beauty of a natural timber floor.

Engineered floors are constructed with a top layer (or surface layer) of solid timber veneer, laminated to a plywood base.

This makes for an extremely stable floor, and are normally pre-finished, removing the need for sanding and polishing on site.

The greatest convenience of an engineered floor is the ability to be installed quickly and walked on straight away.

Connollys carries a number of different engineered floors, with products for the budget-conscious to the very high-end.


Parquetry has been used as a beautiful hard-wearing floor covering for centuries.

It is still as popular in the 21st century as it was when it was used for the floors of grand 15th century cathedrals and castles.

Block parquetry can be laid in any pattern, using contrasting coloured timbers to create depth in the design.

Blocks of timber are manufactured and laid individually to create the pattern of your choice.

There are many popular patterns that can be laid in block parquetry,

or you can run wild with your imagination and design your own floor pattern or feature block.

Connollys Parquetry is precision-milled and is designed to be glued down over a solid, flat surface.

It can be installed over concrete, plywood or particleboard.
Parquetry flooring is available in both solid timber and engineered timber.

Janka Rating

Other factors to consider when choosing your floors is the hardness of the timber. The Janka Rating is the standard that the industry uses to determine the hardness of each timber, the harder the timber the higher the number.