Timber Species

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Solid Timber Flooring Gallery

When choosing timber flooring for your home there a number of things to consider such as, hardness of the timber, the colour, size of floorboards, the grading and the thickness. This flooring gallery page gives you a glimpse at each timber species, click on the discover more tabs to take a more in-depth look at each one.  For the ultimate guide please visit our showroom at 148 Gaffney St Coburg Nth, where we have all of the timbers on display in real world settings and our staff can assist you with your timber selections.

Aussie Beech

Janka Rating 7.5


Janka Rating 9.1


Janka 9.1

French Oak

Janka Rating 6

Cypress Pine

Janka Rating 6.1

Forest Reds

Janka 9.1

Grey Ironbark

Janka Rating 14


Janka Rating 8.5


Janka Rating 9


Janka Rating 7.1

New England Blackbutt

Janka Rating 9.1

New England Oak

Janka Rating 6.1

NSW Spotted Gum

Janka Rating 11

Qld Spotted Gum

Janka Rating 11

Red Ironbark

Janka Rating 14

Sydney Blue Gum

Janka Rating 9


Janka rating 8.6


Janka Rating 8.1

Tasmanian Oak

Janka Rating 5.5

American Oak

Janka Rating 6.0

Solid Timber Flooring Gallery

Timber Janka Rating: Unveiling Hardness in Wood

The Janka hardness test stands as the authoritative measure of a wood’s resistance to wear and denting, offering valuable insights into the durability and longevity of timber. Named after its inventor, Gabriel Janka, this test assesses a wood’s ability to withstand pressure and wear, crucial information for selecting timber suitable for various applications.

Measurement Process:

The Janka hardness rating is measured by determining the force required to embed a small steel ball into the surface of the wood. The test involves firmly pressing a 0.444-inch (11.28 mm) steel ball into the wood to half its diameter. The force applied is measured in pounds-force (lbf) or newtons (N). The Janka hardness rating is the force required to embed the steel ball, providing a numerical value that reflects the wood’s hardness.

Interpreting the Janka Rating:

A higher Janka rating signifies a harder wood, indicating superior resistance to wear, denting, and overall durability. Conversely, a lower Janka rating suggests a softer wood, which may be more susceptible to damage in high-traffic areas or applications that demand robust resilience.

Application Considerations:

Understanding the Janka hardness rating is crucial when selecting timber for specific purposes. For example:

1. Flooring:
– For flooring in high-traffic areas, a wood with a higher Janka rating is preferable to resist the impact of foot traffic and furniture.

2. Furniture:
– When crafting furniture, a wood with a balanced Janka rating is ideal—hard enough to withstand wear but not excessively hard, making it challenging to work with.

3. Outdoor Use:
– In outdoor applications, resistance to environmental elements is crucial. A wood with a suitable Janka rating can withstand exposure to the elements without compromising its integrity.

The Janka hardness rating serves as an indispensable tool for both manufacturers and consumers in the selection of timber. By providing a quantitative measure of a wood’s hardness, it empowers individuals to make informed choices, ensuring that the chosen timber aligns with the demands of the intended application, ultimately contributing to the longevity and performance of the finished product.

customer guide

for customer who elect to have connollys install their flooring