Timber flooring grading and Janka Rating
All timber grading is done visually by qualified graders at the timber mill. Graders are looking for machining quality, the size and number of features in the timber flooring, and any flaws. Graders do not grade on colour – timber is a natural product and there is always colour variation.
Timber flooring is normally separated into different grades at the machining stage. There are typically three main grades that the industry has adopted: Select Grade, Standard Grade and Feature Grade. It is important to note that there are lower grades and intermediate grades such as Utility Grade, Cover Grade, Standard & Better or Prime Grade.
When choosing the grade of your timber flooring it is important to understand these grades to ensure that you are getting what you pay for. Connollys adheres strictly to the industry standards as set out below.
Select Grade Timber Flooring
Select Grade timber flooring provides limited variation in natural characteristics. It has been carefully graded, floorboard by floorboard, to ensure that it meets strict quality standards. It has a sleek, uniform look that is well suited to modern, minimalist and traditional styles. Expect to have small amounts of natural features including: small gum viens, birds eye, insect trails, tight knots.
Standard Grade Timber Flooring
Standard Grade is distinguished by highlighting selective gum veins, spirals, burls, insect trails and other natural variations that give timber floors a unique character as individual as a signature. This grade is a visual chronicle of forest history, including bush fires, floods, drought, insect travels and the natural variations that appear in the grain of Australian native hardwoods. Standard Grade is carefully graded to include the most interesting variations and distinctive markings, to enhance the look of a timber floor.
Feature Grade Timber Flooring
Feature Grade has high level of natural characteristics. This grade offers a unique appearance with extenuated natural features, including gum vein, knots, face checking and insect travels. Sometimes includes stick marks. Once considered the cheapest grade, it is now highly sought after and has rapidly become the most popular. Modern techniques in the finishing of these floors make them aesthetically stunning. The beauty of the natural characteristics make it unmistakable from any other floor. Feature Grade Timber Flooring is how nature intended it look.
When you are shopping for flooring be very aware, that timber flooring comes from a lot of different sources and just because someone says it is select grade doesn’t mean it is. Their version of select grade could be in reality only a standard grade that has select features, or a Utility grade being sold as Feature Grade. This type of practice is a major frustration for us in the store, not only is it misleading but it makes it very hard for you the customer to compare apples for apples instead you end up comparing apples and lemons.
Please note: timber is a natural living product that adjusts to its environment and as such may change in dimensional width depending on the conditions of the area in which they are laid.
Timber Flooring Janka Rating
Other factors you may want to consider is the hardness of the timber. The Janka Rating is the standard that the industry uses to determine the hardness of each timber, the harder the timber the higher the number.
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